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Heatshrink Cable Joint and Termination Fault Analysis

As an ISO certified company, we have an obligation to investigate any of our product failures, but over the years we have been asked more and more to get involved in general failure analysis. We undertake to make an un-biased investigation into any failure involving cable joints and terminations regardless of who manufactured the product.


Case 4 - Problems with the earth continuity of a low voltage feeder

An oil company was having problems with the earth continuity of a low voltage feeder.

The problem was narrowed down to a heat shrinkable cable joint installed between 15-20 years previous and manufactured by a company no longer in business.

On investigation it was obvious the material had not reacted well to the years of hydro carbon attack. The butyl mastic inner fill had turned to a sticky paste and the inner, connector insulation tubes, had also suffered. The cause of the earth continuity problem was due to poor connections onto the wire armours and subsequently, liquid rubber isolating the armours from the earth continuity lead.

Even though the joint used was not designed to withstand these conditions, it had survived remarkably well, and only failed as a result of hydro carbons, entering the cable some distance away and travelling between the wire armours and inner sheath to the cable joint, and finally attacking the joint from within.

The butyl mastic inner fill had turned to a sticky paste

Case Studies

Case Study 1

An 11kV 3 core transition joint which was audibly discharging.

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Case Study 2

Joint failure on an 11kV trifurcating transition joint

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Case Study 3

An 11kV transition joint failed due to buckled armour cage

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Case Study 4

Problems with the earth continuity of a low voltage feeder

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Case Study 5

A cable box reported as "buzzing"

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Products

  • Heatshrink cable joints
  • Heatshrink and cold shrink terminations
  • Busbar insulation tube
  • Heatshrink glands
  • Universal cold applied bushing boots
  • Under water joint kits
  • Shipwiring joints
  • Fire resistant joints and zero halogen LSF Joints for London Underground
  • Extensive range of approved heatshrink kits for UK rail network (PDF) >